The Atlanta economy is the 10th largest in the country and 18th in the world with an estimated 2014 GDP of over $324 billion. [46][47] John Wesley Dobbs tried to dissuade Rev. [6][7] Holland farmed the land and operated a blacksmith shop. And in 1920, the city prohibited black-owned salons from serving white women and children. In the 1930s, the Great Depression hit Atlanta. (33°45.141′N 84°23.317′W / 33.752350°N 84.388617°W / 33.752350; -84.388617 (Zero milepost marker)). The first true manufacturing establishment was opened in 1844, when Jonathan Norcross, who later became mayor of Atlanta, arrived in Marthasville and built a sawmill. A dramatic event was the Centennial Olympic Park bombing, in which two people died, one from a heart attack, and several others were injured. In 1991, the company opened the World of Coca-Cola, which has remained one of the city's top visitor attractions. By doing so, 100,000 new affluent white residents were added, preserving white political power, expanding the city's property tax base, and enlarging the traditional white upper middle class leadership. Atlanta mayor Ivan Allen Jr. went to Orly, France, to inspect the crash site where so many important Atlantans perished. This drew attention from the national media and from presidential candidate John F. Kennedy. The conflict broadened and became known as the Creek War. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the election precinct now established by law at the house of Charner Humphries, known as the Whitehall precinct, be and the same is hereby changed to Atlanta. [30][31] He then ordered Atlanta burned to the ground on November 11 in preparation for his punitive march south. 4,028 Followers, 86 Following, 139 Posts - See Instagram photos and videos from Young Og (@bigbank_pt) In the same year, Atlanta's streetcars were segregated, with black patrons required to sit in the rear. The city's elite black colleges were founded between 1865 and 1885, and despite disenfranchisement and the later imposition of Jim Crow laws in the 1910s, a prosperous black middle class and upper class emerged. In 1990, the International Olympic Committee selected Atlanta as the site for the Centennial Olympic Games 1996 Summer Olympics. As part of the effort to modernize the South, Grady and many others also supported the creation of the Georgia School of Technology (now the Georgia Institute of Technology), which was founded on the city's northern outskirts in 1885. The federal government stepped in to help Atlantans by establishing Techwood Homes, the nation's first federal housing project in 1935. [67] A line originally envisioned to run to Emory University is still under consideration.[68]. A road was built linking Fort Peachtree and Fort Daniel following the route of existing trails. Because even minor breaches of racial etiquette often resulted in violent reprisals, the region's codes of deference transformed daily life into a theater of ritual, where every encounter, exchange, and gesture reinforced black inferiority. The first Georgia Railroad freight and passenger trains from Augusta (to the east of Atlanta), arrived in September 1845 and in that year the first hotel, the Atlanta Hotel, was opened. In 1850, out of 2,572 people, 493 were enslaved African Americans, and 18 were free blacks, for a total black population of 20%. The fort was soon renamed Fort Peachtree. The Five Points downtown hub opened later that year. [25]:18, By 1860, the city had four large machine shops, two planing mills, three tanneries, two shoe factories, a soap factory, and clothing factories employing 75 people.[24]. Some 1⁄8-acre (510 m2) to 1⁄4-acre (1,000 m2) lots with a small house rented for $5 per month, while those with a glass pane rented for $20. It soon became the South's second-most productive rolling mill. Washington Street south of downtown and Peachtree Street north of the central business district became wealthy residential areas. Shirley Franklin's 2001 run for mayor was her first run for public office. On October 19, 1960, a sit-in at the lunch counters of several Atlanta department stores led to the arrest of Dr. King and several students.

After doubts about Frank's guilt led his death sentence to be commuted in 1915, riots broke out in Atlanta among whites. Rich's closed its flagship store downtown in 1991, leaving government offices the major presence in the South Downtown area around it. Resulting desegregation occurred in stages over the 1960s. 14-128, "Sony Ericsson moving HQ to Atlanta amid cuts", Yellow Pages parent opens new HQ in Atlanta suburb, "Home price jump is more rebound than bubble",, Television shows filmed in Georgia (U.S. state), Wikipedia articles in need of updating from April 2015, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2012, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles needing additional references from April 2009, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 15:27.

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