There was a common story among farmers that if a person contracted a relatively mild and harmless disease of cattle called cowpox, immunity to smallpox would result.

Jenner's fame was in part a combination of his own talent for self-promotion and the mythologizing activities of his supporters, both during his life and after his death. Then in 1770, he moved to London, England, to work with John Hunter (1728-1798), a famous Scottish anatomist and surgeon who encouraged Jenner to be curious and experimental in his approach to medicine.

Jenner became a member of the Medical and Chirurgical Society on its foundation in 1805, and subsequently presented to them a number of papers. These years were marred only by the death in 1815 of his wife, Catherine Kingscote Jenner, whom he had married in 1788.

After being educated locally, he entered into an apprenticeship with Daniel Ludlow, a surgeon-apothecary in Sodbury.

Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/jenner-edward. The Oxford Companion to British History. A Bibliography of Edward Jenner.

Noting the common observation that milkmaids did not generally get smallpox, Jenner theorized that the pus in the blisters which milkmaids received from cowpox (a disease similar to smallpox, but much less virulent) protected the milkmaids from smallpox. Jenner then trained in Chipping Sodbury, Gloucestershire as an apprentice to John Ludlow, a surgeon, for eight years from the age of 14. Edward Jenner (1749 – 1823) was a British family doctor who practiced throughout his life in the village of Berkeley, Gloucestershire.

His mother was a daughter of the Reverend Henry Head, a former vicar of Berkeley. There is no modern detailed biog-raphy of Jenner and his life awaits critical reexamination. ." Encyclopedia of Modern Europe: Europe 1789-1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire, Science and Its Times: Understanding the Social Significance of Scientific Discovery, MANSON, PATRICK

He died in January 1823. Father of Catherine Fitzhardinge Jenner; Edward Robert Jenner and Robert Fitzhardinge Jenner In Massachusetts, Benjamin Waterhouse introduced vaccination to America with vaccine received from Jenner.

Jenner must be considered the founder of immunology; in vaccination he made the first use of an attenuated virus for immunization. The consequence: Immunity to smallpox could be induced much more safely. 270, which then met at the White Hart Inn, High Street, Berkeley, Gloucestershire; raised, 30 Dec 1802, aged 53; JW 1804, WM 1812. Hunter was a noted experimentalist, and later a fellow of the Royal Society. Jenner paid particular attention to the cuckoo bird, a creature that lays its eggs in the nests of other birds. In 1796 Jenner (now a physician, courtesy of the University of St. Andrew's) recorded his first attempt to inoculate using cowpox matter, which was taken from the pustule of a milkmaid, Sarah Nelmes (who had allegedly contracted it from a cow called Blossom), and given to a boy named James Phipps. Edward Jenner reported his findings on vaccination in Inquiry into the Causes and Effects of Variolae Vaccinae (1798). He also observed that although cowpox gave immunity to smallpox, it did not confer similar immunity to the cowpox, itself. 16 Oct. 2020 .

A complete description of Jenner’ published work and a survey of sources concerning his life is provided in W. R. Lefanu, A Bio-Bibliography of Edward Jenner (London, 1951).



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