In Russia, cosmonauts are awarded Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation upon completion of their missions, often accompanied with the award of Hero of the Russian Federation. An example is Czechoslovak Vladimír Remek, the first cosmonaut from a country other than the Soviet Union or the United States, who flew to space in 1978 on a Soyuz-U rocket. [90][91], On December 31, 2012, a NASA-supported study reported that human spaceflight may harm the brain and accelerate the onset of Alzheimer's disease.

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[8], As of 17 November 2016[update], under the U.S. definition, 558 people qualify as having reached space, above 50 miles (80 km) altitude.

At NASA, those who complete astronaut candidate training receive a silver lapel pin. This study's techniques are now being applied to cover professional and Olympic sports injuries as well as ultrasound performed by non-expert operators in medical and high school students. As of 17 November 2016[update], a total of 552 people from 36 countries have reached 100 km (62 mi) or more in altitude, of whom 549 reached low Earth orbit or beyond. There is a way to enable word translation from any page: Bookmarklets.

), from Latin spatium "room, area, distance, stretch of time," a word of unknown origin (also source of Spanish espacio, Italian spazio).. From early 14c. Prominent among these is the Advanced Diagnostic Ultrasound in Microgravity Study in which astronauts (including former ISS commanders Leroy Chiao and Gennady Padalka) perform ultrasound scans under the guidance of remote experts to diagnose and potentially treat hundreds of medical conditions in space. Start with the Complete Spanish Beginner's course, then follow up with Next Steps Spanish.

[101], Researchers in 2018 reported, after detecting the presence on the International Space Station (ISS) of five Enterobacter bugandensis bacterial strains, none pathogenic to humans, that microorganisms on ISS should be carefully monitored to continue assuring a medically healthy environment for astronauts. In English-speaking nations, a professional space traveler is called an astronaut. Here's a list of translations. [45][46] In 1985, Saudi Arabian Prince Sultan Bin Salman Bin AbdulAziz Al-Saud became the first Arab Muslim astronaut in space. Although EUdict can't translate complete sentences, it can translate several words at once if you separate them with spaces or commas. space, expanse, duration, interval, room. Until 2002, astronauts were sponsored and trained exclusively by governments, either by the military or by civilian space agencies. [21][22] The first cosmonaut was Soviet Air Force pilot Yuri Gagarin, also the first person in space. The youngest person to fly in space is Gherman Titov, who was 25 years old when he flew Vostok 2. c. 1300, "extent or area; room" (to do something), a shortening of Old French espace "period of time, distance, interval" (12c. Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! In 1984, Marc Garneau became the first of 8 Canadian astronauts to fly in space (through 2010). Please find below many ways to say space in different languages. a hole, … [9] [47] In 1988, Abdul Ahad Mohmand became the first Afghan to reach space, spending nine days aboard the Mir space station.[48].

Here, hángtiān (航天) is strictly defined as the navigation of outer space within the local star system, i.e. as "ground, land, territory; extension in three dimensions; distance between two or more points."

[30], The term taikonaut is used by some English-language news media organizations for professional space travelers from China. Because much of ancient Western knowledge about the heavens comes to us from or through people who spoke Greek or Latin. [97], On November 2, 2017, scientists reported that significant changes in the position and structure of the brain have been found in astronauts who have taken trips in space, based on MRI studies.

It is anticipated that remote guided ultrasound will have application on Earth in emergency and rural care situations, where access to a trained physician is often rare. Synonyms for inner space include heart, soul, core, bosom, gut, bones, belly, breast, heartstrings and inside.

Astronaut David Scott left a memorial consisting of a statuette titled Fallen Astronaut on the surface of the Moon during his 1971 Apollo 15 mission, along with a list of the names of eight of the astronauts and six cosmonauts known at the time to have died in service.[108]. locus, spatium, tractus, intervallum. theater space reserved for the Senate / senators, there is no place more delightful than one’s own domestic space (Cicero), nullus est locus domestica sede jucundior, youth unduly busy with pampering the outer man (Horace), in cute curanda plus æquo operata juventus, Authors of the Chinese-English dictionary, Authors of the French-Japanese dictionary, Authors of the German-Japanese dictionary, (in Japan) 5th note of the ancient chromatic scale (approx.

Six of these were in crashes of training jet aircraft, one drowned during water recovery training, and four were due to fires in pure oxygen environments. [50] In 1991, Helen Sharman became the first Briton to fly in space. Barbara Morgan, selected as back-up teacher to Christa McAuliffe in 1985, is considered to be the first Educator astronaut by the media, but she trained as a mission specialist. Aidez WordReference : Posez la question dans les forums. An early use of "astronaut" in a non-fiction publication is Eric Frank Russell's poem "The Astronaut", appearing in the November 1934 Bulletin of the British Interplanetary Society. An advanced degree, such as a master's degree or a doctoral degree, is not required, but is strongly desired. [1][66] Astronauts-in-training (astronaut candidates) may also experience short periods of weightlessness (microgravity) in an aircraft called the "Vomit Comet," the nickname given to a pair of modified KC-135s (retired in 2000 and 2004, respectively, and replaced in 2005 with a C-9) which perform parabolic flights. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In April 1985, Taylor Wang became the first ethnic Chinese person in space. magnum in parvo.

He was launched aboard Soyuz T-11, on April 2, 1984. Some of the words may be incorrectly translated or mistyped. Albedo In astronomy, the term albedo refers to the brightness of an object in space. WordReference English-French Dictionary © 2020: Discussions du forum dont le titre comprend le(s) mot(s) "outer space" : Dans d'autres langues : espagnol | italien | portugais | roumain | allemand | néerlandais | suédois | russe | polonais | tchèque | grec | turc | chinois | japonais | coréen | arabe. [39] In 1992 Mae Jemison became the first African American woman to travel in space aboard STS-47. In 1959, when both the United States and Soviet Union were planning, but had yet to launch humans into space, NASA Administrator T. Keith Glennan and his Deputy Administrator, Dr. Hugh Dryden, discussed whether spacecraft crew members should be called astronauts or cosmonauts.

[88] More recently, in 2017, bacteria were found to be more resistant to antibiotics and to thrive in the near-weightlessness of space.

Foods are tested to see how they will react in a reduced gravity environment. In 1985, Rodolfo Neri Vela became the first Mexican-born person in space. Utinam barbari spatium proprium tuum invadant!

U.S. astronauts who also have active-duty military status receive a special qualification badge, known as the Astronaut Badge, after participation on a spaceflight.

The first self-funded space tourist was Dennis Tito on board the Russian spacecraft Soyuz TM-3 on April 28, 2001. [4] In the United States, professional, military, and commercial astronauts who travel above an altitude of 50 miles (80 km)[5] are awarded astronaut wings.



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