There, she goes to university and works as a secretary in a hospital. This page was last edited on 8 May 2020, at 15:07. Berkeley, CA: Crossing, 1982. Lorde never sees her again, but mentions Kitty will always be part of her. Gennie, a.k.a. The book ends on a homage to Lorde's mother. Li, Stephanie. Essay Topics. Important Quotes. She had a clothing shop with her ex in the Mexican town where they lived. Muriel moves in with Audre. Over time, Eudora teaches Audre much about Mexican history.

Zami: A New Spelling of My Name is a 1982 autobiography by American poet Audre Lorde.It started a new genre that the author calls biomythography, which combines history, biography, and myth. She refers to them as “Black dykes,” using the term in a broader sense, “in the sense of powerful and women-oriented women […] And that includes my momma” (Lorde 15). “Uses of the Erotic: The Erotic as Power.” Sister Outsider: Essays and Speeches. Web. Without the connection to her mother and the motherland, Lorde would have been stuck within a culture that does not name homosexuality, but rather diagnoses it. She's an alcoholic and "the most fascinating woman [Audre] had ever met."

In the title of her "biomythography," Audre Lorde adopts "Zami," a Carriacou name for women who work together as friends and lovers, as the "new spelling" of her name. Chapter 22 opens with Audre meeting Eudora, a gray-haired woman called La Periodista. Lorde’s complex relationship with her mother and her motherland, Carriacou, is crucial to the formation of her queer, Black, female identity. "Flee", a black lesbian who has a close but platonic relationship with Audre, Lynn, a lesbian who lives with Muriel and Audre for a while and is their mutual lover during this time, Toni, Audre's old acquaintance from high school, who turns out a lesbian. Finally, Lorde begins a relationship with a mother named Afrekete, who decides to leave to tend to her child. Verena Theile and Marie Drews. everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of Zami, a New Spelling of My Name. In Kate Chopin's The Awakening, the protagonist Edna Pontellier learns to think of herself as an autonomous human being and rebels against social norms by leaving her husband Leónce and having an affair. Especially in the first eleven chapters of the book, Linda is portrayed in a particularly erotic way, but also as an emotionally unavailable, harsh woman. Through the development of this genre, Lorde presents reality and myth woven together in harmony, as opposed to being presented in a traditional Western binary. In the spring of 1956, Audre needs to stop treatment since she and …

Philip Thompson, Gennie's father who left home early and comes back when she is 15, Peter, a white boy whom Audre dates in New York. Finally Audre tells Eudora that she wants to sleep with her. After graduation, she leaves home and shares a flat with friends of Jean's (one of The Branded), ceasing contact with her parents and two sisters.

In the text, Lorde writes that "Zami" is "a Carriacou name for women who work together as friends and lovers", noting that Carriacou is the Caribbean island from which her mother immigrated. But the store was lost for many reasons. Afrekete, the last lover mentioned in the book, met through Gerri; she has a daughter and leaves abruptly back to Atlanta to visit her Mom and daughter. Lorde repeats this word and definition on several occasions throughout the book. Lesbianism – The book describes the way lesbians lived in, Racism – The landlord who hangs himself, the ice-cream episode in. She witnesses racism from a young age. The mother – Lorde's difficult relationship with her mother, whom she credits for imbuing her with a certain sense of strength, pervades throughout the book. This website uses cookies so that we can provide you with the best user experience possible. Audre also lived with Rhea before going to Mexico. “Mothering Herself: Manifesto of the Erotic Mother in Audre Lorde’s Zami: A New Spelling of My Name.” MELUS: Multi-Ethnic Literature of the U.S, 40.4 (2015): 110-128. Book: Zami A New Spelling Of My Name. In the epilogue of the book, Lorde writes, “There [Carriacou] it is said that the desire to lie with other women is a drive from the mother’s blood,” which strengthens her mother’s role in Audre’s construction of her queer, Black, female identity because same-sex desire stems directly “from the mother’s blood” (Lorde 256). Audre begins to spend as much time as she can with Eudora, and they share their life stories with one another. Herek, Gregory M. “Homosexuality and Mental Health.” Homosexuality and Mental Health. Eudora, an older woman and Audre's lover in Mexico. Access Full Document. Chapters 3-6. Felicia, a.k.a. Lorde ultimately decides to get an abortion. The title of the book, “Zami” is “a Carriacou name for women who work together as friends and lovers” (Lorde 255).

Despite the rampant racism of this era that Lorde encountered in her daily life, her mother attempted to shield her from it. This Study Guide consists of approximately 23 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - Please Sign Up to get full document. Scholar Bethany Jacob writes, “Lorde’s lesbianism [serves] as an effort to fill the void of love left by Linda” due to Linda’s harshness and emotional unavailability. Chapters 11-14. Print.

Linda and Lorde’s relationship is a main element in the formation of her female, Black, queer identity. Here, Lorde describes the intimacy between mother and daughter in a sensual way, with Linda particularly eroticized with her “warm mother smell […] between her legs.” The eroticism adds to Linda’s power, while it also sparks “Audre’s process of associating the strength and authority of the maternal figure with the pleasure and power of the erotic” (Jacobs). Following her father's death, she returns to New York and starts a relationship with Bea, whose heart she ends up breaking when she decides to move to Mexico to get away from McCarthyism. Audre supports Muriel financially. This legend makes space for homosexuality within the culture, hereby naturalizing it. Lorde’s relationship with Linda is strongly connected to Linda’s ties to Carriacou, the motherland; Lorde’s seemingly physical and erotic desires surrounding her mother represent a longing beyond physicality. Pages: 2 Words: 253 Views: 0. Special offer for LiteratureEssaySamples.com readers. Traditionally, Black females are either over-sexualized/fetishized or made into asexual figures like the Mammy trope.

She had lost a breast due to cancer. Access Full Document. On November 5, 2019, the BBC News listed Zami: A New Spelling of My Name on its list of the 100 most influential novels. Audre Lorde grows up in Harlem in the 1930s and 1940s, a child of Black West Indian parents. The whole doc is available only for registered users OPEN DOC. After getting her first period at age 15, Lorde makes friends with a small number of non-Black girls at Hunter College High School, who label themselves "The Branded". Chapters 15-18 . With Bea, Audre did all the work, and Bea wasn't that responsive. Audre and Eudora are attracted to one another and find each other beautiful. The desire to connect with her mother, the woman who ties her to the motherland of Carriacou, directly relates to Lorde’s desires for a sense of home, belonging, and community. Throughout the book, the images of Carriacou serve as a mental spot of respite for Lorde. Lorde suggests that lesbianism consists of more than physical intimacy between women; it involves a specific orientation rooted in the care provided by a strong black mother in opposition to the hostilities and injustices of a racist and sexist society” (Li 144). Chapters 23-26. If Lorde had not been connected to Carriacou through her mother, queerness and female empowerment would have been even more difficult to come to terms with. In her essay “Becoming Her Mother’s Mother,” Stephanie Li writes, “The vexed relationship between Lorde and her mother is the foundation of the poet’s journey to voice and home in the text” (Li 141). In Carriacou, queerness exists as a word, as “poetry,” transforming homosexuality into “feeling, rather than […] a dream,” or something intangible, invisible, unheard, unseen. Kitty, a.k.a. A straight white woman whose political work was jeopardized by living with a black lesbian, she leaves for Chicago in order to keep her job under the pretense of starting a new life after the demise of a relationship, but Audre does not know this at the time.

This early description of Audre’s same-sex desire stems from her mother and a lack of maternal love. The whole doc is available only for registered users OPEN DOC. Therefore, Lorde reads her mother as a lesbian. Cookie information is stored in your browser and performs functions such as recognising you when you return to our website and helping our team to understand which sections of the website you find most interesting and useful. 2017. Back in New York, Lorde explores the lesbian bar scene, moves in with lover, Muriel. The first half of the novel takes place in Grand Isle, an island off the coast of Louisiana. Rhea, Audre's roommate in New York after returning from Mexico.

Her parents and other adults, especially her mother, discipline her harshly for insolence. On Carriacou, a legend says that lesbianism is prevalent among the women on the island “who survived the absence of their sea-faring men” (Lorde 14). Only dated each other because of the mutual fact they were gay. And they keep their relationship a... (read more from the Chapters 22 - 24 Summary), Get Zami, a New Spelling of My Name from Amazon.com. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars, 2009. Audre Lorde, Chapter 4 from Zami: A New Spelling of My Name 1.

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